The present study attempts to evaluate the effective teaching practice for children with special learning needs. The research question framed in the present study for investigation is which practice will be effective in different inclusive classroom settings and what are the factors that contribute for effective practices?
Teaching Students with Disabilities | Center for Teaching | Vanderbilt University
Qualitative research was carried out in the present study using the case study method of embedded single case design to answer the research question. This study was carried out in South Norway. Twenty four Schools from four municipalities in three counties were sampled for the present study. Eighty three observations were carried out in the classrooms of selected schools where different inclusive classroom practice was followed. The study observed different inclusive classroom settings namely traditional practice, variety and flexible practice, one to one support practice outside and within the classroom and small groups outside the classroom.
The investigators derived different criterion under three categories: 1 interaction 2 support and 3 adaptation for analysing the best inclusive classroom practices. The following criteria were used under the interaction category; teacher interaction and collaboration, teacher and students interaction and collaboration. The criteria used in the support category are general teacher support, special teacher support, teacher supporting student participating in the learning community.
The adaptation category has following criteria; classroom facilitation, learning materials and teachers instructions.
The result of the study showed that each type of practice has its own advantages and disadvantages in the education of children with special needs. In fact, in many instances, regular ed students report little to no awareness that there even are students with disabilities in their classes. When they are aware, they demonstrate more acceptance and tolerance for SWD when they all experience an inclusive education together. Parents, of course, have a big part to play. On the upside, the more experience with inclusive education they had, the more positive parents of SWD were about it.
Additionally, parents of regular ed students held a decidedly positive attitude toward inclusive education. There is a definite need for teachers to be supported in implementing an inclusive classroom. It turns out that much of this is because they do not feel they are very knowledgeable, competent, or confident about how to educate SWD. Of course, a modest blog article like this is only going to give the highlights of what have been found to be effective inclusive strategies.
For there to be true long-term success necessitates formal training. With regard to the whole group, using technology such as interactive whiteboards is related to high student engagement.
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Regarding flexible groupings: for younger students, these are often teacher-led but for older students, they can be student-led with teacher monitoring. Peer-supported learning can be very effective and engaging and take the form of pair-work, cooperative grouping, peer tutoring, and student-led demonstrations.
Teaching Students with Disabilities
All students need the opportunity to have learning experiences in line with the same learning goals. This will necessitate thinking about what supports individual SWDs need, but overall strategies are making sure all students hear instructions, that they do indeed start activities, that all students participate in large group instruction, and that students transition in and out of the classroom at the same time. For this latter point, not only will it keep students on track with the lessons, their non-SWD peers do not see them leaving or entering in the middle of lessons, which can really highlight their differences.
They include multiple ways of representing content to students and for students to represent learning back, such as modeling, images, objectives and manipulatives, graphic organizers, oral and written responses, and technology.
At a Glance
These can also be adapted as modifications for SWDs where they have large print, use headphones, are allowed to have a peer write their dictated response, draw a picture instead, use calculators, or just have extra time. Think too about the power of project-based and inquiry learning where students individually or collectively investigate an experience. Over the years she has had several special education students in her class but they either got pulled out for time with specialists or just joined for activities like art, music, P.
She has always found this method a bit disjointed and has wanted to be much more involved in educating these students and finding ways they can take part more fully in her classroom. During the month before school starts, Mrs. Brown meets with the special education teacher, Mr. Lopez — and other teachers and staff who work with her students — to coordinate the instructional plan that is based on the IEPs Individual Educational Plan of the three students with disabilities who will be in her class the upcoming year.
About two weeks before school starts, she invites each of the three children and their families to come into the classroom for individual tours and get-to-know-you sessions with both herself and the special education teacher. She makes sure to provide information about back-to-school night and extends a personal invitation to them to attend so they can meet the other families and children.
She feels very good about how this is coming together and how excited and happy the children and their families are feeling. The school district and the principal have sent out communications to all the parents about the move to inclusion education at Mrs.
Now she wants to make sure she really communicates effectively with the parents, especially as some of the parents of both SWD and regular ed students have expressed hesitation that having their child in an inclusive classroom would work. Please describe any benefits or negative consequences you have observed in your child. What factors led to these changes? Please describe any benefits or any negative consequences for you. She also plans to send out a questionnaire with different questions every couple of months throughout the school year.
1. Tailors Teaching for All Learners
Since she found out about the move to an inclusive education approach at her school, Mrs. Brown has been working closely with the special education teacher, Mr. Lopez, and reading a great deal about the benefits and the challenges. Determined to be successful, she is especially focused on effective inclusive classroom strategies. Her hard work is paying off. Her mid-year and end-of-year results are very positive. Her regular ed students are excelling. A spirit of collaboration and positive energy pervades her classroom and she feels this in the whole school as they practice inclusive education.